Creation of a Mechanism for the Implementation of Green Purchases in the Public Sector: Ukrainian Experience
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The globalization of public relations has led to the need to reform the public sector of the economy. Harmonization of legislation and regulatory basis with European Union standards requires the generation of new approaches and forms of interaction between customers and participants in procurement processes. The reform of the public procurement system gave an impetus to a change in the attitude of the state customers to the procurement process and the recognition of the need to introduce green procurement. In the article, the authors investigate the process of implementing green procurement in Ukraine, analyse the regulatory basis and determine the shortcomings in the implementation of the environmental procurement mechanism. A research has been carried out on the priority sectors of the economy for which procurement is most often realized in the regions of Ukraine and suggests using an individual approach to the implementation of green procurement, depending on the needs of the local public sector. The work has developed tools for implementing green procurement, but the mechanism for their application requires research by a wider circle of specialists in various industries. The authors note the shortcomings of the generally accepted methodology for calculating budget savings, which does not take into account the life cycle of goods that should be the future research of scientists.